In the 1960s, a large cemetery was discovered near Bab edh-Dhra.Archeologist Paul Lapp spent three seasons excavating the area where he unearthed a great number of shaft-tombs -- possibly as many as 20,000.The second description is the way it appeared earlier, at its Patriarchal Era zenith as depicted in the Talmud and the Midrash (Babylonian Talmud Sanhedrin 109a, Midrash Rabah Leviticus 5:2, Midrash Rabah Numbers .) Sodom and Gomorrah were part of a metropolis assumed to have been located on the eastern bank of the Dead Sea consisting of five cities, each with its own king.There was (1) Bera, king of Sodom, (2) Birsha, king of Gomorrah, (3) Shinab, king of Admad, (4) Shember, king of Zeboiim, and (5) the king of Bela, which is also called Zoar (Genesis 14:8).(A shaft-tomb is a vertical hole, about 3 feet in diameter, dug into the rocky ground to a depth of approximately 6 feet.) At the bottom of each shaft were 1-5 horizontal shallow shafts, each containing between 1-6 bodies.In addition, there were a number of mud-brick buildings, charnel houses that are repositories for bones or bodies of the dead.Its lush tree-shaded groves graciously bestow their blessings of fine fruits.
The five kings were under the dominion of a coalition of eastern Mesopotamian overlords.
 The great number of corpses in a single burial ground is evidence of a major population. Significantly, some forms of the pottery, jewelry, and cylinder seal impressions show a distinct Mesopotamian influence.
 This bolsters the Biblical connection between the Dead Sea area and Mesopotamia.
There was no route connecting the Dead Sea area with Mesopotamia.
How could the Mesopotamians have possibly conquered the area?
The Torah tells us the story of the rise and downfall of Sodom and Gomorrah.