Abalone is a marine mollusk of the genus Haliotis with worldwide distribution.Species native to California coastal waters produce beautiful blue- and green-hued iridescent nacre.Or, using your browser's search function, you can search the entire Dictionary.For example in internet Explorore use Control F and in Apple Command F.See Also: Bauxite Beads Also called azagba, zagba, or adjaba, these large powder glass beads are made by the Krobo people of Ghana.Usually formed in clay molds, the beads measure up to 5 cm long and range from nearly cylindrical to barrel shaped, and sometimes biconical.Their shells were traded near the Pacific Ocean and then trekked by foot far inland, to the deserts and high plateaus of the Southwest in pre-Columbian times.
The abalone produces pearls as well, usually small, in shades of blue to greenish yellow.
These included materials that were regarded as precious in antiquity—lapis lazuli and hardstones, such as agates and rock crystals—as well as stones or minerals that were attractive for their patterns or grains, which were enhanced by ancient lapidaries.
This continually war-torn country probably did not produce all these beads; neighboring Pakistan and India, who were also beadmakers in ancient times, likely produced some of them.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined.
Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions.
This Dictionary of Beads is a labor of love and a work in progress.